To promote and accelerate industrialisation in the developing countries, the United Nations general Assembly in 1966 created a body within the secretariat called the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. With the increasing awareness of the impact of industry - as a dynamic instrument of growth - on every developing nation’s attempt to achieve a better quality of life for its people, UNIDO’s role has become more crucial. In recognition of its importance in international development, UNIDO became a specialised agency of the United Nations in 1986. As the youngest such agency, it has been given a mandate that recognises the economic realities of industrial development in today’s world. Since its establishment, UNIDO has carried out more than 11,000 technical assistance projects in 160 countries.